What is a Person of Opinion?

A ‘Person of Opinion’ uses his/her own judgement to decide what is best for him/her. This is bad if ALLAH, Most High, and His Messenger, Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, have given us guidance already. This guidance is in the form of the Qur’an and Sunnah.

“O you who have believed, obey ALLAH and obey the Messenger and do not invalidate your deeds.” (Qur’an, Muhammad 47:33)

Without that guidance we would wander the world in blindness. Such are the disbelievers.

“Indeed, for those who do not believe in the Hereafter, We have made pleasing to them their deeds, so they wander blindly.” (Qur’an An-Naml 27:4)

However, there are Muslims who wander the world in a similar manner of blindness, precisely when they decide to not adhere to the Qur’an and Sunnah and decide to use their own opinions on matters that necessitate guidance.

They use their own Opinions for three main reasons:

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The Difference between Shariah (Fiqh) and Aqeedah

Consider the degrees of halal (what is lawful) and haram (what is unlawful – and sinful) in Islam. There are 5 degrees:

  1. Fard, Wajib: This is Obligatory: You MUST do this. No excuses. Severe in punishment for failure.
  2. Mustahabat*: This is Preferred or Rewardable: For example, Qiyyum al-Layl; fasting in Shawwal; i.e. doing the Sunnah.
  3. Haram: This is Forbidden or Illegal.
  4. Makruh#: This is Hated or Disliked: i.e. it is better to avoid it for more Taqwa (piety; fear of ALLAH) – but it is not haram.
  5. Mubah: This is Allowance: For example, to eat meat… there is silence about it – it’s not haram, not mustahabat and not makruh. It’s just O.K..

*Mustahabat are those actions that if performed will achieve rewards, but if these actions are not done, they will not incur a sin.

# Makruh are those actions that if is performed will not acquire a sin, but if they are avoided will gain a reward.

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